Republic by Plato

Date of Publication: 1763

“In this, the greatest of the dialogues of Plato, Socrates, while seeking an answer to the question What is justice?

Described an ideal of perfect society, the republic after which the book is named… The Republic is Plato’s masterpiece and one of the greatest books in literature.”  “The `Republic’ is the model for all ideal commonwealths, e.g. More’s `Utopia,’ Bacon’s `New Atlantis,’ etc… His philosophy has affected all subsequent philosophers.” This, the first edition in English, is “a very faithful translation, with an admirable discourse, containing not only a general epitome of the Republic of Plato, but an accurate delineation of the characters, manners, and philosophy of the ancient Greeks.”  “[Plato’s] master Socrates had laid the foundation of scientific method in asking the essential question `What is…?’ rather than improvising theories and this passionate belief in the answerableness of questions and the certainty that good came from knowledge was developed and idealized in the writings of Plato… the dialogues are pervaded by two dominant impulses: a love of truth and a passion for human improvement… it has been truly said that the germs of all ideas can be found in Plato.” #0281