Nichomachean Ethics by Aristotle

Date of Manuscript: 1488

This rubricated manuscript in the Latin translation of Leonardo Bruni, the first Florentine scholar to use the word “studia humanitatis” as a term for literary studies was used in grammar schools. 

This couples with the large number of interlinear and marginal notations are evidence that the text was not only transmitted among the intellectual elites.  Originally written in Greek and based on lectures Aristotle gave in Athens in the fourth century B.C., concerns the end to which human behavior should be directed.  For a person to be happy, he says, they must not simply pursue pleasure, but to do well those things which are distinctly human, namely the exercise of intellectual abilities.  But, as he also explains, virtue is not solely intellectual, and mankind has a moral aspect as well. #0672