Before the arrival of printing, all documents and books were manuscripts.
Manuscripts are documents written by hand, they maybe in book form, scrolls, or in codex format. They are written on vellum (animal skins), parchment, or paper. Manuscripts can be illuminated and/or rubricated. Illuminated manuscripts are a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with decorations such as marginalia (borders), illustrations, and initials. Illuminated manuscripts can include silver or gold as well as several different colors. Rubricated manuscripts are manuscripts supplemented with red ink and sometimes blue or green ink. Rubricated manuscripts decorations are generally initials and or annotations made in the margins of the text.