Date of Publication: 1496
Very rare first complete edition of Aristotle.
In Aristotle’s Politics (eight books), the good of the individual is identified with the good of the city-state. The study of human good is thus a political inquiry, as it is in Plato. Aristotle discusses different types of government, finally preferring monarchy, an aristocracy of men of virtue, or constitutional government of the majority. Slavery is considered natural in Aristotle’s politics, because some men are adapted by nature to be the physical instruments of others. Aristotle’s Rhetoric treats methods of persuasion; the Poetics is his great contribution to literary criticism.
Called by Dante “the master of those who know,” Aristotle mastered every field of learning known to the Greeks. His influence on St. Thomas Aquinas and the medieval world, through the translation of the Arabic scholar Averroes, was profound and enduring.
Aristotle maintained that all human knowledge originates in sensible experiences, out of which the soul perceives the universal. In Politics the good of the individual is identified with the good of the city-state. Thus, the study of human good is a political inquiry much like Plato. ” #0029